During World War II, instead of the statue of Sontoku Ninomiya, who disappeared after being donated from most elementary schools across the country, the movement of “something sculpture” began to occur in various places from the time when it finally began to settle down after the war. did. The times have changed, and since it’s no longer Ninomiya Sontoku, then “intellectuals” gather and fight for their opinions, and the place where they settle down is mostly ordinary vines and turtles. .. Adults who do not know what a good sculpture is in a schoolyard of an elementary school, which is the most familiar to children and has an educational effect by touching the excellent arts, call the children’s attention at all No, I made a sculpture of only shape. I sometimes recall the regrettable look of avant-garde sculptors who sang, “What a ridiculous thing to do in a living space!”
I think that tendency continued until the mid-1955s. From the entrance to the venue, the contemporary Japanese art exhibition and the Japan International Art Exhibition sponsored by the Mainichi Shimbun, which began by introducing the newest aspects of art of the times, were a great stimulus to the art world and brought up excellent avant-garde artists. There were not a few people who looked into the inside and made a reaction to action paintings and abstract iron sculptures, turning around with an expression of being amazed, so at that time, contemporary art was still close to the masses. It wasn’t connected. Therefore, it could be said that there was no reason why Ninomiya Takanori replaced vines and turtles. Moreover, sculpture was far less interesting than painting. Even now, in the art market, the weight of sculpture is far from painting, and the “art boom” years ago However, as sculptures had little to do with it, sculptures have not yet taken root in the private life of the masses, but nevertheless, sculptures in the open air and in urban spaces are far more comparable than before. , Is familiar to many people. The discussion about installing sculptures such as cranes and turtle figurines in the elementary school yard was no longer heard.
Of course, it will take some time before sculpture will be widely treated in the realm of art in the same way as painting. Although the sculpture exhibition at the museum has become popular and the number of people who see the sculpture has increased, on the other hand, in the president’s office and drawing room of a leading company, the paintings of famous landlords are carefully displayed on the walls. In addition, the sculptures of famous landlords are still placed behind pillars and gardens for viewing. However, at least in modern Japan, there are not a few internationally fine sculptors who are internationally well-regarded, and the recognition that they make modern sculptures that are unique to each is that the president’s office, the reception room, the gallery, and Debert’s art. It is becoming more and more popular in open spaces, unlike the sales floor. I think it’s great.
In this way, the 8th Biennale-style contemporary Japanese sculpture exhibition played a major role in raising the interest of sculptures that used to follow the paintings before they line up with the paintings. Four years before the title became the present-day contemporary Japanese sculpture exhibition, Ube City’s first “U-city open-air sculpture exhibition” was held in Tokiwa Park in 1958, which was a great stimulus to the Japanese sculpture world and brought to life. It was Then, two years later, when it was publicly invited for a national-scale “national sculpture koso cool application exhibition”, all young and talented sculptors applied and spread their motivated works to a large park. Two years later, the 1st Contemporary Sculpture Exhibition was held, but the first “Ube City Open-air Sculpture Exhibition” was held in 1958, and the new, avant-garde sculpture is generally unfamiliar. It was about time. Still, as I wrote at the beginning, it was around the time when the cranes and turtles were widespread, and the gap between the intense motivation of the artist’s side, the increase in the spirit of creation and the perception of the sculpture by the general public was small. There wasn’t. At that time, far away from Tokyo, Ube City, which has a population of 160,000 and the size of the city is not so big, was the first to put up an experimental outdoor exhibition of contemporary sculpture, and the ability to execute and the foresight are unrivaled. ..
This time, at the Hakone Museum of Sculpture, the Henry Moore Grand Prize Exhibition, a contemporary sculpture competition, was established. The Kobe Suma Rikyu Park Contemporary Sculpture Exhibition is already held every other year after the Ube Exhibition. Both are places where top-level contemporary sculptors and up-and-coming artists come together to present their masterpieces. In cities such as Nagano City, Sendai City, and Yokohama City, there are some places where sculpture is used as a guide for urban development. Ube City was the first to make such a move, and its significance as a pioneer is truly great. The efforts and passions of Ube city officials, including the successive mayors of Hoshide, Nishida, Nitta, and Futaki, who have continued to carry out this cultural project with conviction, even though the budget was limited to the local government’s limited budget. The insights of Ube citizens who understand the policy and enjoy contemporary sculptures at the park can be praised. In fact, in recovering from the war disaster, starting with a wide road, we proceeded with a new city plan to plant trees on the streets, and through the clear vision of being a sculpture city, U city’s high cultural level is comparable to other municipalities. It hangs down.
By the way, this contemporary Japanese sculpture exhibition in Ube City was held only by invited artists from the 1st exhibition in 1965 to the 4th exhibition in 1946, but from the 5th exhibition, there are two invitations, a competition. Has reached the present. This Nihontatsu keeps the high level of the exhibition by the works of highly talented artists, while also paying attention to the new sense of talented budding and bold expression. , Other outdoor exhibitions generally follow this method. However, in the competition section, it is ideal that the completed outdoor works should be judged locally, but in reality it is too costly and the writer’s burden is large, so it is difficult to implement it, so we judge beforehand with a model. ing. The works selected from the models are re-produced in the same size and size as the materials planned by the artist, and the prize works are competing with the invited works. Since the organizer will subsidize a part of the production cost for writers who have decided to make actual products, the number is limited and it cannot be said that all excellent models are produced. However, reflecting the enthusiasm of the young writers for this competition, it is not uncommon for them to be out of selection, so excellent model works have been exhibited in one corner of the venue. All of them were selected from this time, and among them, the work of real production was selected, and it was changed to a clean form.
In recent years, in contemporary Japanese art exhibitions and other competitions with an avant-garde tendency, sculpture=three-dimensional works are superior to paintings=two-dimensional works. It is a reflection of the current situation that three-dimensional modeling artists open up unknown areas by experimenting with new ideas and materials one after another, while planar artists are unable to escape from the excitement of conventional painting. No, but I think that it may be because three-dimensional works are more expensive in terms of materials and finishing process. In other words, sculpture takes a starting point for artists to give shape to their ideas and to create works, but there is an attitude that sculptors have the attitude of transcending the burden and challenging the competition. I think that it may be reflected in the work. It seems to be a low-grade cucumber, but the materials are diverse such as stone, stainless steel, wood, and glass, and it is reasonably easy to process, so it is the theory that the more you make it, the better .. Moreover, unlike paintings that can be drawn in a short amount of time, it requires careful thought and careful planning, so it is possible that pure motivation and passion that is not calculated will crystallize in the work.
The contemporary Japanese sculpture exhibition, with the theme of “poesy”, received works with a much larger scale. Many of them are works that should be recorded for each artist and for the Japanese sculpture world. However, the amount of prizes and the actual costs of production, which are mostly museum purchases, are becoming more open. The works of the artists who endured the heavy burden and contributed bold scale works enriched the urban space of the present day far, far more than the financial value. I would like everyone to continue to cherish this because the contemporary Japanese sculpture exhibition in Ube City, which the artist considers as something that can be put into that much effort.
(Mainichi Newspaper Art Reporter)