It has been 40 years since the “Ube City Outdoor Sculpture Exhibition” was held in 1961. This exhibition has been expanded to “National Sculpture Competition Application Exhibition” (1963) and “1st Contemporary Japanese Sculpture Exhibition” (1965). The “Contemporary Japanese Sculpture Exhibition” will be held 19 times this year. During this time, not only the world of sculpture but also the entire Japanese art world has a great influence. Of course, in the local art world of Yamaguchi Prefecture, the meaning of this sculpture exhibition is extremely significant. Here, I would like to consider the relationship between the artists associated with Yamaguchi Prefecture and this sculpture exhibition.
Until 1970 (until the “3rd Contemporary Japanese Sculpture Exhibition”)
At this time, from the 1st to the 3rd “Ube City Outdoor Sculpture Exhibition” “National Sculpture Competition Application Exhibition” “Contemporary Japanese Sculpture Exhibition” It is, so to speak, the quest for sculpture exhibition.
As a writer associated with Yamaguchi Prefecture, it was the first time to find Shigeru Ueki and Kiichi Sumikawa in the “1st Contemporary Japanese Sculpture Exhibition” (only the following times are listed). Ueki Shigeru is from Sapporo, Hokkaido, but returned from China in 1946 and lives in Nagato, Yamaguchi prefecture, where his wife and son were. The following year, he moved to Shimonoseki alone and lived in Shimonoseki until 1951. The first time, in 1965, he had already moved to Osaka. The exhibited work “Torso” is the main motif of the planting tree and appears to have been completed at this time.
Kiichi Sumikawa is from Muikaichi-machi, Shimane Prefecture and entered the Yamaguchi Prefectural Iwakuni Technical School in 1945 and spent in Iwakuni until his graduation in 1951. During this period, I saw the collapse of the Kintai Bridge due to a typhoon in 1950, and later said, “It was at this moment that I had the desire to become a sculptor for the first time. “. Sumikawa was also invited to the 2nd and 3rd sessions.
Along with Sumikawa, Yoneyoshi Tanaka has exhibited in the third edition. Yoneyoshi Tanaka was born in Yamaguchi City in 1925. After graduating from Ube Technical College, I was drawing while a teacher at a junior high school, but eventually retired and moved to Tokyo. In 1965, I returned to Yamaguchi after living in Tokyo for four years, and started working on the “Braille” series, and eventually began to work on three-dimensional modeling. The third exhibit was “Docking SKY 24,” which was an early work in the docking series.
In the 1970s (4th to 8th),
the 4th exhibition was “Reinforced Plastics” on the theme of “Materials and Sculpture”, and Sumikawa was invited. The “Contemporary Japanese Sculpture Exhibition” will be invited only up to the 4th time, and will be added to the invitation after the 5th time. Two writers related to Yamaguchi will be selected for the first open call. Masahiro Kawaguchi and Takeshi Tanabe.
Masahiro Kawaguchi was born in Tokyo in 1936. After graduating from Tokyo University of Education, he exhibited in free art exhibitions and new production exhibitions. Two years after the 5th exhibition, he became an instructor at Yamaguchi University in 1975, and until the retirement in March 2000.
Yonekichi Tanaka was invited to the 6th, 7th and 8th in succession, the 6th was awarded the Ube City Open-Air Sculpture Museum Award, the 7th was the Excellent Work Award, and the 8th was the Mainichi Shimbun Award. There is. Kiichi Sumikawa was invited to the 8th session and won the Ube City Open-Air Sculpture Museum Award. In addition, Ryusaku Miwa has won the 8th prize. Miwa was born in Hagi City in 1940. Completed the graduate school of Tokyo University of the Arts, and developed a world of passion for avant-garde ceramics, especially modeling on soil. The “Ancient person” exhibited in the 8th exhibition is a grave of the writer himself and his wife, and the motif of burying herself makes us feel the determination of the writer who was facing a turning point at this time. Also, although this work is ceramic, in this exhibition where metal and stone are the mainstream, the ceramic sculpture of Tsuji Jindo invited to the “national sculpture competition application exhibition” and the black of Shiro Hayami invited to the 6th It will be one of the earliest pottery works after pottery.
By the way, an outdoor exhibition hall was opened at the Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, which opened in 1979. Yoneyoshi Tanaka “Docking No. 40” (7th exhibition work), Masahiro Kawaguchi “Works B-1” (5th exhibition work) , Tanabe Takeshi “dedicated to the scene or Handel’s “water music”” (6th exhibition work) is also installed, which also shows the relationship between this exhibition and the local community. Kiichi Sumikawa and Yonekichi Tanaka were invited in
the 9th 1980s (9th to 13th)
, and Kiichi Sumikawa won the Mainichi Shimbun Award for “The Shape with Sled.” Sumikawa was completing the main series, “Shadow Shape,” and around this time, the work of outdoor monuments was increasing. In 1984, he took part in the Yamaguchi Prefectural Government’s overall plan and received the 13th Yoshida 58th Prize for its central monument, “Sagimai no Uta” (1988).
Yoneyoshi Tanaka was invited to the 10th, 11th, and 12th consecutive times, following the 9th, and was awarded the Saitama Museum of Modern Art Award for the 10th and “Untitled No. 95” for the 11th. 1985” won the grand prize. Tanaka later referred to this work as “one of the turning points.” In the following year, at the Saitama Museum of Modern Art, a huge monument that penetrates the wall of the building was completed and attracted attention.
In the 13th session, Kuniaki Hamano won the model prize. Hamano was born in Shimonoseki City in 1951. After graduating from Tokyo University of the Arts in 1974, he was active mainly in the Yamaguchi Prefectural Art Exhibition.
In the 14th round, Kan Tonashiki was selected, and Takeshi Tanabe was selected as a model. Tonashiki was born in Hiroshima City in 1942 and moved to Nagato City in Yamaguchi Prefecture in 1975. In the latter half of the 70’s, the artist’s attention was drawn to the work that showed a detailed depiction based on the experience of the atomic bomb’s secondary bombing, and eventually it shifted to prints. In addition, when he traveled to Europe in 1982, especially the work by Boyce in “Documenta 7”, he received a big impact at the Yamaguchi Prefectural Art Exhibition the following year at “THE BUNCH OF BLACK REBEL”, which had a tire weight of about 4 tons. He announced an installation that ran out of junk items, and then continued to boldly produce installations. The 14th “TYRE BEARING TREE (PLAN7)” was created by the cooperation of many people by Tonoshiki who had already been struck by cancer. The following year, Tonashiki died, and it is a work that should be called a remains. It was
In the 15th, Kuniaki Hamano and Keiji Kanehara were selected, and Hamano won the Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art Award.
Kanehara was born in 1962 in Abu Town, Yamaguchi Prefecture. In 1989, he completed the graduate school at the University of Tsukuba, went on to work as a graduate student in arts, and returned to Yamaguchi Prefecture. Kanehara’s main motif in his work “Eat Worrying Entasis” has been the main motif in recent years.
Following the 15th, Hamano was awarded the 16th, the 17th was a model, the 18th was invited, and the 16th Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art Award. The solid human figure shown in the 80’s was deformed in the 90’s, the storyline of the work was added, and a monumental scale was being acquired.
Tabe Kenzo was selected in the 16th session, invited in the 18th, and won the Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Modern Art Award. Tabe was born in Iwakuni in 1939. He said he had an experience of looking into the mushroom cloud of an atomic bomb as a child. From the 1970s to the 1980s, he developed a straightforward antinuclear expression, but from around 90, he turned to works using junk items.
Kiyokazu Morino has been selected as the model for the 16th session. Morino was born in Toyoura, Yamaguchi Prefecture in 1949. Although he consistently works in the field of pottery, he does not limit the material to soil in the exhibited work “Tane no Wander” series, but he develops works with various materials such as wood.
Yutoshi Sasa won the 17th prize. Bamboo was born in Shimonoseki City in 1963. Graduated from Okinawa Prefectural University of Arts in 1991 and graduated from the Graduate School of Tokyo University of the Arts in 1993. Since 1992, he has participated in an action exhibition and has won the Newcomer Award and became a friend. However, he withdrew in 1996 and is currently active in Chiba Prefecture.
Hidenori Oi, who was selected for the 17th and 18th models, was born in Nagato City in 1960. 1986 Completed graduate school at Kanazawa College of Art, and had exhibited at Kanazawa Sculpture Exhibition and Yamaguchi Prefectural Art Exhibition. In the exhibition “Gravitation” series, he is deepening his dialogue with stones, which is the main motif of Oi.
Yasuhiko Muranaka was selected for the 18th prize and won the Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art Award. Muranaka was born in Yanai City in 1955. Completed the graduate school of Tokyo University of the Arts in 1982 and continued to exhibit at the Japan New Century Craft Exhibition, but recently withdrew. Muranaka’s stance that those who put themselves in the world of crafts go to outdoor sculptures is confronting the works not only with the technique of casting metal, which is their specialty, but also with various techniques.
Shiba Ushihito, who was selected for the 18th model, was born in Ube City in 1939, and became the first model-selected artist in this Ube city for this sculpture exhibition.
every 10 years, only 15 people are listed as writers related to Yamaguchi. In addition to confirming that this number has not changed much since Mr. Jiro Iwaki already pointed out the thinness of the layer of artists in West Japan in the catalog of “1st National Sculpture Competition Application Exhibition” Wouldn’t.
As for 15 people, even though they were born in other prefectures such as Ueki, Sumikawa, Kawaguchi, and Tonashiki, they also had a close relationship with Yamaguchi Prefecture, and even though they were born in Yamaguchi Prefecture like a tabe, their relationships. There are writers who are only when they are young, and there are various types. However, it is a fact that the artists in Yamaguchi played a major role, as there are things like Miwa and Muranaka who are involved in this exhibition outside of the so-called sculpture field.
This exhibition, which was established in close association with the urban greening movement, has set a new era as a precursor to the outdoor sculpture exhibition. It would not be a waste to see the future of this sculpture exhibition in the new century, as the local artists were stimulated and raised. Shiba Ushihito, who became the first local artist to select a model, holds a stone carving class every year for children. He says that he wants the local artists who are active in this sculpture exhibition to grow up by themselves. This year, it will be held at the 21st Century Future Expo (Kirara Expo). I hope this exhibition will be seen by as many children as possible.
(Yamaguchi Museum of Art)